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Proximity-induced skew scattering: a new mechanism for spin Hall effect (CANCELLED!)

Friday, February 02, 2018 - 12:00
Donostia International Physics Center
Aires Ferreira, Department of Physics, University of York, United Kingdom
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The generation of spin currents in nonmagnetic materials via electrical means has fascinated scientists since the first experimental reports of spin Hall effect (SHE) a decade ago. The SHE finds its origin in the rich charge-spin transport mechanisms triggered by spin–orbit interactions. While SHE and related non-equilibrium phenomena have been detected univocally in metals and semiconductors employing a range of experimental probes, the design of nanostructures allowing an effective electrostatic control of pure spin currents remains a big challenge.

In this talk, I will argue that skew scattering is ubiquitous in Dirac heterostructures lacking sub-lattice (C6v)  symmetry. Unlike standard skew scattering in graphene [1], which requires spin-orbit-active or magnetic impurities, the proposed mechanism results from the tilting of Dirac eigenstates' spin texture induced by proximity effect [2]. The tilting provides a finite out-of-plane spin polarization around each valley, allowing a sizeable SHE irrespective of the impurity type, into a remarkable analogy to the anomalous Hall effect in ferromagnetic metals. Our findings open good prospects for the all-electrical control of spin currents in van der Waals heterostructures of much current interest [3].


[1] A. Ferreira, T.G. Rappoport, M.A. Cazalilla & A.H.C. Neto."Extrinsic Spin Hall Effect Induced by Resonant Skew Scattering in Graphene" Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 066601 (2014). C.Huang, Y.D. Chong & M.A. Cazalilla. "Direct coupling between charge current and spin polarization by extrinsic mechanisms in graphene." Phys. Rev. B 94, 085414 (2016)

[2] M. Offidani et al. Unpublished (2018).

[3] A. Avsar et al. "Spin-orbit proximity effect in graphene" Nat. Comm. 5, 4875 (2014). Z. Wang, et al., "Origin and Magnitude of 'Designer' Spin-Orbit Interaction in Graphene on Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenides". Phys. Rev. X 6, 041020 (2016). L.A. Benitez et al. "Strongly anisotropic spin relaxation in graphene-transition metal dichalcogenide heterostructures at room temperature" Nat. Phys. 10, 1038 (2017).

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